Archive for the ‘VC-1’ Category

Bad news

Tuesday, July 11th, 2006

Yesterday I tried to decode WMV3 Advanced Profile (fourcc: WVC1) and it failed. After I changed decoder to skip 5 bytes (one unknown, and 00 00 00 01 0F indicating that sequence hader is started) it began to decode frames. And failed. The only correctly decoded frames are skipped frames.

So no Advanced Profile reference decoder for now.

VC-1: Pause

Saturday, July 8th, 2006

I won’t be able to work at VC-1 full day for a week, but it does not mean I won’t code at all. Meanwhile I plan to write demuxer for test bitstreams. Annex L in standard specifies format for all profiles but advanced profile bitstreams use their own format: 0x00 0x00 0x01 where opcode may signal frame start, field start, slice start, etc. This one likely to be done with libavcodec *Parser mechanism.

And here is what I’ve done to present time.

Present decoder status:

  • Simple and main profile supported

What is not implemented:

  • B/BI-frames (samples needed)
  • Reduced range support (the same)
  • Loop filtering for P-frames (I don’t think it’s needed now)

Known bugs:

  • Chroma in P-frames is wrong
  • Sometimes motion creates double borders on objects

VC-1: Checkpoint

Tuesday, July 4th, 2006

Yesterday I’ve finished P-frames support in VC-1 decoder. That does not mean it now decodes all files of course. But at least simple/main profile without B-frames and advanced features should be decoded more or less correctly (excluding chroma).

So, it’s time to do the bug squashing:

  • Correct chroma mode
  • Implement MV intensity compensation (now it mostly produces errors)
  • Implement coefficient scaling
  • Make all P-frames parse and decode correctly

Looks like VC-1 movies with B-frames are rare so another task is to find samples.

VC-1: Some more progress

Friday, June 16th, 2006

Yesterday I’ve rewritten decoder using FFmpeg’s functions from h263 decoding. Now the code is simplier and decodes more I-frames correctly but the problem with AC prediction remains.
Here is the output of new decoder, the same scene:
Decoded frame from second version of decoder

VC-1: Something is showing up

Thursday, June 15th, 2006

Yesterday I’ve managed to beat more or less sane I-frame decoder.
It is not very good now but at least it works and produce something that could be recognized without lots of imagination:

One of decoded frames

VC-1: Middle layer problems

Wednesday, June 14th, 2006

Yesterday I’ve managed to hack FFmpeg bits of VC-1 decoder to actually parse and decode simple profile I-frames. Bits consumed are fine. But there is no sane picture yet. DC prediction is not good and AC coefficients also needs some operations, but at least they are decoded correctly.

VC-1: 8×8 transform

Saturday, June 3rd, 2006

OK, 8×8 transform is slightly optimized too.

This version gives 7x gain on PII and 15x on G4.

Here is vc1itrans.c file from VC-1 reference decoder with replaced transform.

See here
how to use VC-1 reference decoder in FFmpeg
and just replace one file in libvc1 with my version before compiling.

VC-1: 4×4 transform

Saturday, June 3rd, 2006

I was honoured to implement VC-1 decoder in course of Google Summer of Code.

I had almost no time to do anything this week but at least here is straightforward optimization of 4×4 transform.
Speed gain varies from 4 times (PII-266) to 7 times (PPC G4-1.42 GHz). My name is not Niedermayer and I’m not sure how to further optimize it / rewrite with MMX/AltiVec but it’s a good start. 8×8 transform will follow soon (I hope).

The test code is given below.